The Norway Spruce Container Grown is the fastest growing of the spruce family and makes a great windbreaker because of its strong branches. Weeping Norway Spruce (Picea abies 'Pendula' ): A 12 to 15 foot high and wide upright, narrow tree with weeping habit. Can be planted on a wide variety of sites. It is a dwarf, evergreen shrub with stiff, prickly, green to bluish-green, ½ inch needles and a neat, dense, compact shape. Norway Spruce is extremely adaptable and very cold hardy. The Norway Spruce has lustrous dark green needles which are 1/2 to 1" long and maintain their dark green color all winter. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. The Morton Arboretum is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit that relies on the generosity of members and donors. Our trees. Growth Rate: Moderate to fast, especially when young. Norway spruce growth is exceptional. The Norway is a best seller because of its look, growth rate, wind resistance and tolerance of harsh conditions. Norway spruce trees support a wide variety of wildlife. The cones produced by this conifer are relatively long at 4 to 6". The Norway Spruce is our favorite and best large evergreen for windbreaks in the eastern 2/3 of America. Other species of spruce—notably the Norway spruce (Picea abies) and Sitka … The branches may drupe slightly at the tips, giving … ... Click the button below to add the Picea abies 'Cobra' _ Norway Spruce … Use enter to activate. The very shallow, spreading root system benefits from a 3 to 4 inch layer of organic mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture. Readily available at most local nurseries in the typical range of the Norway spruce. Spider mites and bagworm can also be problems. Stop by, email, or call. – Norway spruce Subordinate Taxa. Norway Spruce trees do take up a lot of room. During its 500-year life, a Sitka spruce will reach between 160 and 220 feet, with 60-inches-per-year growth rate until it reaches maturity. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Our communities. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Growth rate: Slow Average landscape size: Slow growing; reaches 3 to 4 ft. tall, 3 to 6 ft. wide. Best planted in full sun. This sun-loving, 50- to 80-foot-high tree is often used as windbreaks, screens, or hedges in large-scale landscapes. The Norway spruce grows to a height of 40–60' and a spread of 25–30' at maturity. Does poorly in shade conditions. Bright red female cones are produced at the ends of the branches. ... Growth Rate… It is not a tree for smaller yards. Cones are cylindrical, 4 to 6 inches long, purplish-green changing to light brown as they ripen. As people emigrated, they often brought trees with them from the Old Country to plant as ornamentals on new homesteads. Growth Rate… The Norway spruce (P. abies) grows from100 to 150 feet tall with a 20-foot spread. Description The Norway Spruce is the fastest growing Spruce tree, with a growth rate of over 2 feet per year. Disease resistant, hardy and an ideal windbreak. By Pamela Doan. Go to list of cultivars. The following menu has 3 levels. Outward spreading branches create a slight depression in the center of this flat-topped plant, giving rise to the name, “bird’s nest.”  Cones are seldom produced. The very shallow, spreading root system benefits from a 3 to 4 inch layer of organic mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture. : A 12 to 15 foot high and wide upright, narrow tree with weeping habit. A very popular tree used for reforestation due to fast growth rate… While the trees seem to be doing fine and are covered in new growth right now, two of the Norway spruce … Norway Spruce Trees - Photos by Paul Wray, Iowa State University . (zones 3-7). Ideal windbreaker. Norway spruce is a large, pyramidal tree with long, cylindrical cones that hang like ornaments from the weeping branches against the dark green foliage. Yields light brown, stiffly scaled, 4–6" cones that sit upright on the branch until fertilized. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. This form is more rounded than that of Bird’s Nest Spruce. Norway Spruce has long been prized for forest products for its strong wood and rapid growth rate. Building the urban forest for 2050. This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. Dwarf Norway Spruce (Picea abies ‘Pumila’ ): This dwarf cultivar grows  3 to 4 feet high and 4 to 5 feet wide. They are important as winter cover for deer and small game including grouse, hare and woodcock. These trees that grow fast grow approximately three feet per year and need room on either side to spread out. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. … With a branch spread of 25 feet across, landscape designers will often arrange Norway spruces to provide privacy and wind blockage fo… Picea abies 'Pendula' - Weeping Norway Spruce - an irregularly-shaped, semi-weeping, specimen treeform plant, ranging from 10' to 15' tall with one or more terminal branches that flare horizontally outward then develop branchlets that weep, often staked during propagation and early growth … Have tree and plant questions? Picea abies, commonly called Norway spruce, is a large pyramidal evergreen conifer that is native to the mountains of northern and central Europe east to the Urals.In its native … Does poorly in shade conditions. Norway Spruce Features. Page 4 of 4 Environmental stress Norway spruce (Picea abies), and its cultivars grow well in theSaint Louis area if planted and maintained properly. The female flowers are reddish-pink and upright on the tips of the branches, Once pollinated, the flowers turn green and hang downward as cones ripen. The typical growth rate is about 1-2 inches per year and may attain 6 foot in 20 years from a 3 foot planting. Wetland … Bird’s Nest Norway spruce (Picea abies ‘Nidiformis’ ): This cultivar is much smaller than the species (3 to 6 feet high and wide). This tree grew in Eurasia, the Black Forest and other parts of the continent long before making its way to Norway … Siberian spruce is known to be … Within its native range, Norway spruce remains healthy up to 200 years, and lives up to 300 to 400 … Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. Reader question: I planted several Colorado spruce and Norway spruce a few years ago. Growth Habit: Tree: Native Status: CAN I L48 I: Characteristics ... Picea A. Dietr. Features dark green needles that are roughly ½–1" in length and feel square when rolled between your fingers. Old Tjikko, a clone of Norway spruce is believed to be 9, 550 years old, being the oldest living tree in the world. Generally, most spruce trees have a slow growth habit and average between 6” and 11” (15 – 29 cm) per year. The Sitka spruce dwarfs its cousins in maximum attainable height and rate of growth. Special features: Bird Friendly , Compact Form , Dwarf Plant , Easy Care , Year-round Interest Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Cupressina Norway spruce (Picea abies 'Cupressina'):  A narrow cultivar growing 25 to 30 feet high and 6 feet wide; more tolerant of heavy snow loads. Often used as a specimen plant in a mixed border. The norway spruce can be expected to grow in Hardiness Zones 3–7. The bark of a young tree is thin and thickens into gray-brown flaky scales as the tree matures. The Arbor Day Foundation is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit conservation and education organization. And since it's a dense tree that easily … Acrocona Norway spruce (Picea abies 'Acrocona'):  This cultivar has a broad-spreading pyramidal form and may top out at 20 feet high. Our future. Because of its potential size, Norway spruce is often used as a windbreak, screen or large hedge in large-scale landscapes. However, other species, such as, the popular Colorado blue spruce … A large pyramidal conifer, … Does poorly in shade conditions. Outward spreading branches create a slight depression in the center of this flat-topped plant, giving rise to the name, “bird’s nest.”  Cones are seldom produced. Best planted in full sun. GROWTH RATE: Intermediate HxW@10 Years: 5'x3' Sun Exposure: Sun/Part Shade Common Name: Cobra Norway Spruce Latin Name: Picea abies 'Cobra' Hardiness Zone: Zones 4-8 Related Products. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! RECOMMENDED HARDINESS ZONES: 3 (-30 to -40 F / -34.4 to -40 C) HORTICULTURAL STATUS: RHS Accepted Genus COLOR: Medium Green GROWTH SHAPE: Broad Upright or Oval GROWTH … Susceptible to cytospora canker and Rhizosphaera needle cast.Spider mites and bagworm can also be problems. It is not a tree for smaller yards.The very shallow, spreading root system benefits from a 3 to 4 inch layer of organic mulch to moderate soil temperature and conserve moisture.Best planted in full sun. Growth Rate This tree grows at a medium to fast rate, with height increases of anywhere from 13" to more than 24" per year. From top level menus, use escape to exit the menu. Fastest growing of the spruces. – spruce Species: Picea abies (L.) Karst. It will continue to grow rapidly to a mature height of 50 feet. This form is more rounded than that of Bird’s Nest Spruce. Its wood is used for structural lumber, paper production, and specialty products like tonewood for string instruments. This plant has no children Legal Status. Noteworthy Characteristics. Develops strong graceful branches that are covered with dark green needles. The Norway Spruce is a fast growing Spruce tree. The branches arch up in a swooping manner and it’s foliage hangs. Often used as a specimen plant in a mixed border. Growth rate: Slow Average landscape size: Slow growing; reaches 3 to 4 ft. tall, 12 to 15 ft. wide, in natural form. The Norway spruce hails from Europe. (may grow to 75 feet in 50 years). Early growth of Norway spruce is slow, increasing to maximal rates from 20 to 60 years of age [ 42, 50 ]. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Because of its potential size, Norway spruce is often used as a windbreak, screen or large hedge in large-scale landscapes. The needles are smooth and stiff with a pointed tip. The Norway Spruce can be expected to grow in the temperature extremes of zones three – seven shown in this arborday.org hardiness zone map. The number of the tree’s synonym crosses 150. This strong evergreen tree is extremely cold hardy and easy to grow. Can begin to look a little unkempt in its old age. Green Giant Arborvitae (Thuja Standishii X Plicata … The study shows that smaller spacing allowed for denser growth … Mature Shape: Pyramidal with branches that … Based on a 1936 report from Harvard, the recommended planting distance of Norway spruce has not changed significantly. Matures at 60'; 25' spread. Small male flowers are pinkish-red and clustered along the stems. Growth Rate: Medium to Fast. Once fertilized, they gradually turn downward. Due to its high economic and cultural value, Norway Spruce … Song birds and fur bearers also frequent these forest types. Older plantations varied in range from 5-by-5 feet up to 15-by-15 feet square. View Map. Pyramidal shape with branches that droop … Special features: Bird Friendly , Easy Care , Year-round Interest Picea abies - Norway Spruce is one of the nicest evergreens you can plant. Picea abies / Norway spruce. For starters, the Norway Spruce Tree can grow to a large height in as little as three years. Nice pyramidal form and dark green needles makes it a favorite. The Norway Spruce is a fast growing (2-3’ per year) evergreen that has dark green needles that are 1 … This tree grew in Eurasia, the Black Forest and other parts of the continent long before making its way to Norway around 500 B.C. The Norway spruce grows in acidic, loamy, moist, sandy, well-drained and clay soils. The Norway spruce hails from Europe. 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